Clinical Issues

These pages provide background information on the practice of Motivational Interviewing, its applications to special populations such as criminal justice clients and medical patients, and the practice of MI in groups.

Motivational Interviewing: Background Information

What is MI? (by Stephen Rollnick and William R. Miller; reprinted from Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy)

How it Began... (by William R. Miller; reprinted from Addictive Behaviors)




Interaction Techniques


A Motivational Understanding of Addiction (William R. Miller; reprinted from the MINUET)

Toward a Theory of Motivational Interviewing (William R. Miller; reprinted from the MINUET)

Substance Abuse Related Populations or Settings:

Smoke-free pregnancy - Motivational interviewing: A guide for midwives and Smoke-free children - a report. The first 10 years

Pros and Cons: Reflections on Motivational Interviewing in Correctional Settings (William R. Miller; reprinted from the MINUET)

Motivational Interviewing with Adolescents Presenting for Outpatient Substance Abuse Treatment (Lauren Aubrey Lawendowski, 1998)

Motivational Enhancement Therapy with Drug Abusers (Miller, W. R., 1995) [A clinical research guide for therapists in applying Motivational Enhancement Therapy (MET) with drug abusers. This document is an adaptation and extension on the Project MATCH MET therapist manual.]

Motivational Enhancement Therapy for Adolescent Cannabis Users (Susan Sampl, Ronald Kadden)

Other Populations or Settings:

Eating Disorders (Janet Treasure, Ulrike Schmidt and Gill Todd)

The effect of a brief MI-related intervention upon the high-risk sexual practices of HIV+ men (by Douglass Fisher and Rosemary Ryan)

Emergency Room Intervention for Adolescents (Nancy Barnett)

Adolescents Engaging In Risky Behaviors (Chris Dunn)

Safe Water in the Developing World (Angelica K. Thevos)

Application of motivational interviewing to prenatal smoking cessation: training and implementation issues (Mary M Velasquez, Jacklyn Hecht, Virginia P Quinn, Karen M Emmons, Carlo C DiClemente, Patricia Dolan-Mullen) (pdf link to article in Tobacco Control, 2000)

Removing Barriers: Dual Diagnosis Treatment and Motivational Interviewing (pdf file) (Kathleen Sciacca, Professional Counselor, 12:41-46)

Using Motivational Interviewing With “At Risk” Students (MI case study, student at risk of dropping out of school) (pdf file)

Medication Compliance

Group Approaches

Motivational Groups for Community Substance Abuse Programs (Karen Ingersoll, Chris Wagner and Sandy Gharib)

Group Treatment for Substance Abuse: A Stages of Change Therapy Manual Mary Marden Velasquez, Gaylyn Gaddy Mauer, Cathy Crouch, Carlo C. Diclemente

Non-English Materials


Italy: http://servizi.village.it/~spiller/cmcitalia/
Netherlands: www.motivationalinterview.nl
Switzerland: www.motivationalinterviewing.ch
French: www.entretienmotivationnel.org/


L'Entrevue motivationnelle: un guide de formation (French MET Manual) (pdf file)

Disposition au changement (Readiness to Change Scale) (pdf file)

ÉCHELLE DE COMPRÉHENSION DE L'ALCOOLISME (Understanding of Alcoholism Scale) (pdf file)

Above materials courtesy of : Thomas G. Brown, Ph.D.
Director, Addiction Research Program
Assistant Professor, Dept. of Psychiatry
Douglas Hospital Research Center/McGill University
email: brotho@douglas.mcgill.ca

(Note: The 2 instruments have been validated using retrotranslation transcultural validation methods. However, other
francophone communities (not French Canadian) may need to some further validation.)

L'Entrevue motivationelle: une approche novatrice de la toxicomanie (Rossignol, 1999)


Der Klient als Experte seiner Situation: "Motivational Interviewing" macht nun auch in der Schweiz Schule (Schindler)
Motivierende Gesprächsführung. Die Klientin: Expertin ihrer Situation (Peltenburg)


Spanish-Language video and DVD 2002: "La Entrevista Motivacional: Preparación para el Cambio"


MI inom kriminalvården (From "What Works in Swedish Corrections" series) (Miller, Farbring, 2001) (pdf file)

  [overview - special populations - group approaches]
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Hosted by:
Christopher C. Wagner, Ph.D.

In cooperation with the Motivational Interviewing Network of Trainers (MINT), William R. Miller, Ph.D., and Stephen Rollnick, Ph.D. 

Created by:
Christopher C. Wagner, Ph.D. & Wayne Conners, M.Ed. with support of the Mid-Atlantic Addiction Technology Transfer Center

Updated Mar 2011